Toward SLM Cost model estimation: stainless steels case study
Keywords:Additive manufacturing, cost model, Selevtive laser melting, post processing
Additive manufacturing is a capable process to produce three dimensional components from raw material and 3D design data. This layer-by-layer operating process has many advantages including high geometrical freedom to produce complex parts with reduced cost and applied especially in the aerospace, medical and automotive industry. One of the metal AM processes is Selective Laser Melting this technology is an effective manufacturing technique to build metallic and functional parts. The aim of this study is to perform an economic assessment of Selective Laser Melting by developing a cost estimation model to estimate the process cost along the process life cycle cost. The cost of manufacturing is the key point for decision making to compare the Selective Laser Melting technology with different manufacturing technologies. The cost estimation is profitable also for engineers at the preliminary design. Production costs are studied to find out parameters influencing the Selective Laser Melting process such as machine cost, material, and post processing and how is the process cost could be optimized. A case study on Selective Laser Melting of stainless steels is presented to illustrate the cost model. This work presents a more realistic cost model of Selective Laser Melting based on the activity approach and including all steps of manufacturing with SLM such as part design and post processing such as heat treatment. This research enables us to understand the entire value network of Selective Laser Melting. It has been found that, the machine cost was by far the largest factor in Selective Laser Melting, followed by the post processing cost.
Abattouy M., O.M., Bernoussi AS. , Prediction of Temperature Gradient on Selective Laser Melting (SLM) Part Using 3-Dimensional Finite Element Method. Innovations in Smart Cities and Applications. SCAMS 2017, Springer, Cham, (2018). Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 37.
Abattouy M., O.M., Azzouzi H., Smart Manufacturing Modeling: Thermal and Residual Stress in Metal Additive Manufacturing. Springer, Cham, Advanced Intelligent Systems for Sustainable Development (AI2SD’2019), 2020. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 1104.
Atzeni, E., et al., Redesign and cost estimation of rapid manufactured plastic parts. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 2010.
Baumers, M., Economic aspects of additive manufacturing: benefits, costs and energy consumption. 2012, © Martin Baumers.
Busachi, A., et al., A review of Additive Manufacturing technology and Cost Estimation techniques for the defence sector. CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, 2017. 19: p. 117-128.
Costabile, G., et al., Cost models of additive manufacturing: A literature review. International Journal of Industrial Engineering Computations, 2017. 8(2): p. 263-283.
Fahad, M. and N. Hopkinson, Evaluation and comparison of geometrical accuracy of parts produced by sintering-based additive manufacturing processes. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2017. 88(9-12): p. 3389-3394.
Hopkinson, N. and P. Dicknes, Analysis of rapid manufacturing—using layer manufacturing processes for production. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 2003. 217(1): p. 31-39.
Kadir, A.Z.A., Y. Yusof, and M.S. Wahab, Additive manufacturing cost estimation models—a classification review. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2020. 107(9): p. 4033-4053.
Lindermann, C., et al. Analyzing product lifecycle costs for a better understanding of cost drivers in additive manufacturing. in 2012 International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium. 2012. University of Texas at Austin.
Manogharan, G., R.A. Wysk, and O.L. Harrysson, Additive manufacturing–integrated hybrid manufacturing and subtractive processes: economic model and analysis. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 2016. 29(5): p. 473-488.
Piili, H., et al., Cost Estimation of Laser Additive Manufacturing of Stainless Steel. Physics Procedia, 2015. 78: p. 388-396.
Rickenbacher, L., A. Spierings, and K. Wegener, An integrated cost?model for selective laser melting (SLM). Rapid Prototyping Journal, 2013.
Ruffo, M., C. Tuck, and R. Hague, Cost estimation for rapid manufacturing-laser sintering production for low to medium volumes. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 2006. 220(9): p. 1417-1427.
Schröder, M., B. Falk, and R. Schmitt, Evaluation of cost structures of additive manufacturing processes using a new business model. Procedia Cirp, 2015. 30: p. 311-316.
Thomas, D., Costs, benefits, and adoption of additive manufacturing: a supply chain perspective. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2016. 85(5): p. 1857-1876.
Thomas, D.S. and S.W. Gilbert, Costs and cost effectiveness of additive manufacturing. NIST special publication, 2014. 1176: p. 12.
Yim, S. and D.W. Rosen. A Framework for Self-Realizing Process Models for Additive Manufacturing. in International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. 2011.
Diegel, O., A. Nordin, and D. Motte, A Practical Guide to Design for Additive Manufacturing. 2019: Springer.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 mohammed abattouy, Mustapha Ouardouz, hamid azzouzi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright on any article in the International Journal of Engineering and Applied Physics is retained by the author(s) under the Creative Commons license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction provided the original work is properly cited.
Authors grant IJEAP a license to publish the article and identify IJEAP as the original publisher.
Authors also grant any third party the right to use, distribute and reproduce the article in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.